Read e-book online Mereology and the Sciences: Parts and Wholes in the PDF

By Claudio Calosi,Pierluigi Graziani

ISBN-10: 3319053558

ISBN-13: 9783319053554

ISBN-10: 331935793X

ISBN-13: 9783319357935

This quantity is the 1st systematic and thorough try and examine the relation and the prospective purposes of mereology to modern technology. It gathers contributions from best students within the box and covers quite a lot of clinical theories and practices similar to physics, arithmetic, chemistry, biology, laptop technological know-how and engineering. in the course of the quantity, quite a few foundational matters are investigated either from the formal and the empirical element of view.

The first part appears on the subject because it applies to physics. The part addresses questions of patience and composition inside of quantum and relativistic physics and concludes via scrutinizing the prospect to seize continuity of movement as defined via our greatest actual theories inside gunky house times.

The moment half tackles arithmetic and indicates the way to offer a starting place for point-free geometry of area switching to fuzzy-logic. The relation between mereological sums and set-theoretic suprema is investigated and concerns approximately diverse mereological views equivalent to classical and normal Mereology are completely discussed.

The 3rd part within the quantity seems to be at ordinary technology. numerous questions from biology, drugs and chemistry are investigated. From the viewpoint of biology, there's an try to supply axioms for inferring statements approximately half hood among organic entities from statements approximately their spatial relation. From the viewpoint of chemistry, it really is argued that classical mereological frameworks will not be sufficient to catch the practices of chemistry in that they give thought to neither temporal nor modal parameters.

The ultimate half introduces desktop technological know-how and engineering. a brand new formal mereological framework during which an indeterminate relation of half hood is taken as a primitive idea is developed after which utilized to a wide selection of disciplines from robotics to wisdom engineering. a proper framework for discrete mereotopology and its functions is built and at last, the significance of mereology for the rather new technological know-how of area engineering is additionally discussed.

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Mereology and the Sciences: Parts and Wholes in the Contemporary Scientific Context (Synthese Library) by Claudio Calosi,Pierluigi Graziani

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