By Claude Levi-Strauss
Lévi-Strauss applies his highbrow powers to the perennial challenge of incest, which he elucidates through the idea that of trade as formulated by means of Marcel Mauss in his recognized research of the reward (Essai sur le don, 1925). He distinguishes hassle-free modes of alternate which govern not just the normal number of items and providers but additionally the move of ladies in marriage: those are “restricted” and “generalized” alternate. With a mass of ethnographic proof he demonstrates how the ambitious intricacy of marriage customs, comprising ethical and jural rules and associations (which seem to be primarily arbitrary), may be visible as neighborhood and old ideas of exchange.
Charles Lévi-Strauss lines those principles all through an enormous variety of straightforward societies, mainly in Australia and mainland Southeast Asia but additionally within the Americas, in Oceania, and in different elements of the area. To this survey he provides prolonged sections at the nice civilizations of China and India. He maintains with a briefer attention of the passage from user-friendly to complicated buildings, with specific connection with African societies, and concludes with a stimulating bankruptcy at the rules of kinship, alternate because the common foundation for marriage prohibitions, and the formal relatives among the sexes as a part of a universe of communication.
Although a lot of the paintings is technical, such as distinct analyses of varieties of social association with which social anthropologists might be such a lot primary, it additionally includes a lot that may be of curiosity to psychologists, linguists, and philosophers, and to all who're drawn to the prospect and the means of the structural research of human job. After the successes, additionally, of Lévi-Strauss’s next books—notably Structural Anthropology, Tristes Tropiques, Totemism, and The Savage Mind—this re-creation of the paintings which based his current striking popularity could have extra price as an extra technique of touch with one of many unique minds of this century.
The translation has been made by way of James Harle Bell and John Richard von Sturmer, of the college of recent England, Australia, and via Rodney Needham, of the college of Oxford. Dr. Needham additionally acted as common editor and provided the paintings with a brand new common index. he's the translator of Lévi-Strauss’s Le Totemisme aujourd’hui and writer of Structure and Sentiment (1962) and various papers that have contributed to the popularity of Professor Lévi-Strauss’s paintings within the English-speaking world.
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The Elementary Structures of Kinship by Claude Levi-Strauss